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Date of Publish: 2016-10-18

Out of school children in Assam: 32.09 per cent drop out  to support family earning

 

High dropout rates of schools students paint a dismal picture of the state of education in Assam. The reasons, behind such high dropout rates are equally depressing. Assam Human Development Report, 2014 reveals that a huge 32.09 per cent of ‘out of school’ children in the 6-16 age group drop out from their school as they need to support family earning. Another one third of these ‘out of school’ children (31.50 per cent) leave school as they are “not interested in studies”.

“The current drop out rate in the state at primary level is 6.24, at upper primary level 7.20, at secondary level 26.77, and at higher secondary level 4.69. baring the last one for which the all India rate is not available, in all the other levels, Assam’s drop out rate is much higher than the national average of 4.67, 3.13 and 14.54, respectively” states Assam Human Development Report, 2014, Managing Diversities, Achieving Human Development.

Goalpara district has the highest drop out rate at primary level, followed by Dhubri and Barpeta, it states.

 

REASONS FOR DROPPING OUT OF SCHOOL : RELIGION WISE, ASSAM

 

  RELIGION  WORK AT HOME  NEED TO SUPPORT EARNING  SCHOOL TOO FAR FAILED IN EXAM CANNOT AFFORD NOT INTERESTED IN STUDIES  GOT MARRIED  ILL HEALTH
HINDU 8.4 31.31 1.69 11.78 7.26 33.28 2.24 2.03
MUSLIM 9.69 31.31 3.57 9.63 11.03 28.44 2.17 3.28
CHRISTIAN 6.25 33.16 1.56 7.81 7.81 43.75 0.78 1.65
BUDDHIST 5.56 28.91   11.11 11.11 33.33   1.37
ASSAM 8.88 44.44 2.51 8.96 8.96 31.5    

 

In religion category, the report has revealed that 44.44 percent Buddhist students, 33.16 Muslim students and 31.31 per cent Hindu students of this age group leave school to support their family.  Again, 43.75 Christian students, 33.33 Buddhist students and 33.28 Muslim students leave education as they are “not interested in studies”.

It also has revealed that 2.24 per cent Hindu students and 2.17 Muslim students of this age-group leave school to get mattered.

 

REASONS FOR DROPPING OUT OF SCHOOL : RURAL DIVERSITIES ASSAM

DIVERSITY  WORK AT HOME  NEED TO SUPPORT EARNING  SCHOOL TOO FAR FAILED IN EXAM CANNOT AFFORD NOT INTERESTED IN STUDIES  ILL HEALTH
CHAR  13.51 35.83 2.81 8.07 4.13 29.83 1.13
FLOOD AFFECTED 5.85 30.41 2.63 18.13 13.45 24.56 2.34
HILLS  5.36 47.32 4.46 2.68 0.89 33.93 0.89
TEA GARDEN  12.1 29 1.25 8.54 7.87 34.7 2.67
BORDER 7.96 29.74 3.73 11.39 10.18 31.55 1.61
MULTIPLE DIVERSITY 8.97 27.93 3.1 6.9 17.59 29.66 2.41
GENERAL  9.11 34.98 1.23 11.33 6.9 31.28 1.23
ASSAM 8.88 32.09 32.09 10.68 8.96 31.5 1.72

 

In rural diversity category, 47.32  students of hill areas, 35.83  students of Char areas, and 30.41 percent students of flood affected areas leave school at different classes to support their family.   Tea garden students leaving school as they are “not interested in studies” account for 34.70 per cent, hill students 33.93 per cent and border area students 31.55 per cent.

 

REASONS FOR DROPPING OUT OF SCHOOL : SOCIAL CATEGORY WISE, ASSAM

 

CATEGORY  WORK AT HOME  NEED TO SUPPORT EARNING  SCHOOL TOO FAR FAILED IN EXAM CANNOT AFFORD NOT INTERESTED IN STUDIES  GOT MARRIED  ILL HEALTH
SC 8.35 36.71 2.28 11.39   30.38 1.27 2.03
ST 6.28 29.78 2.73 9.84   35.25 3.83 3.28
OBC 8.46 30.86 1.55 12.28   33.85 2.06 1.65
GENERAL 9.73 32.22 3.02 9.84   29.74 2.09 1.37
ASSAM 8.88 32.09 2.52 1068   31.5 2.17 1.72

 

In social class category 36.71 per cent SC students, 32.22 general students and 30.86 OBC students of this age-group leave school to at different classes support their family.  35.25 ST students, 33.85 OBC students and 30.38 SC students leave school as they are “not interested in studies.”

The report has revealed that  55.32 per cent students in in Dima Hasao district,  54.90 percent students in Morigaon district ,53.06 percent students in Bongaigaon district , 49.66 percent students in Goalpara, in 49.14 per cent students Dibrugarh district  and 46.15 per cent students in Sivasagar of this age group leave school  support their family.

The Assam HDR Survey, 2013 covered 39,998 households covering 187,511 individuals in 27 districts, 97 Blocks, 95 urban centres, 1972 villages of the state.

nezine.com Editorial Bureau

 

 

 

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