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Date of Publish: 2016-12-13

Mother and child health : Assam is lagging far behind the desired goals

 

The National Family Health Survey-4, 2015-16 has revealed very deplorable state of Assam’s Universal Immunisation Programme and poor indices of Infant Mortality Rate and Under Five Mortality Rate.  The data show that the state is lagging far behind the desired goals in respect of mother and child health.

 

DISTRICT-WISE STATISTICS OF TOTAL IMMUNIZATION COVERAGE NFHS-4

 

DISTRICT  TOTAL IMMUNIZATION COVER 
DHUBRI  20
KARBIANGLOG 24
BARPETA  34
KAMRUP  36
HAILAKANDI  39
CHIRANG  40
DARRANG  41
KOKRAJHAR 42
BONGAIGAON  42
NAGAON 43
GOALPARA 44
MARIGAON 44
CACHAR 45
SONIPUR 45
DHEMAJI  47
ASSAM 47
NALBARI 49
ODALGURI 53
KARIMGANJ 54
LAKHIMPUR 54
BAKSA 59
NC HILLS 60
TINSUKIA 64
JORHAT  65
GOLAGHAT 68
DIBRUGARH 71
KAMRUP METRO 73

 

Only 47 per cent children in Assam has been covered under Universal Immunisation Programme(UIP) , according to National Family Health Survey-4,  2015-16. In Dhubri district the UIP coverage is only 20 per cent, and in Karbi Anglong district it is only 24 per cent.  At least five districts of Assam the coverage of UIP is below 40 per cent. Only two districts Kamrup Metro and Dibrugarh has UIP coverage of over 70 per cent.

 

STATEWISE STATISTICS OF INFANT MORTAITY RATE

STATES  INFANT MORTALITY RATE 
GOA  10
MANIPUR  11
KERELA  12
NAGALAND 14
SIKKIM 19
TAMILNADU  20
DELHI  20
TRIPURA 21
MAHARASTRA 22
PUNJAB 24
WESTBENGAL  28
KARNATAKA  29
ARUNACHAL PRADESH  30
HIMACHA PRADESH 32
MIZORAM  32
UTTARAKHAND 33
JAMMU& KASHMIR 34
JHARKHAND 34
GUJRAT 35
HAYRANA 36
ANDHRA PRADESH 39
INDIA 39
BIHAR 42
CHATTISGARH 43
MEGHALAYA 46
RAJASTAN 46
UTTAR PRADESH 48
ODHISA 49
ASSAM 49
MADHYA PREDESH  52

 

According to NFHS-4,  in case of Infant Mortality Rate, which is 49 per thousand, Assam stands second from the list of worst performing states in India, after Madhya Pradesh where the IMR is 52. Goa (10) tops the best performing IMR states in the country, followed by Manipur (11), Kerela (12) Nagaland (14)and Sikkim (19). All other north-eastern states including Arunachal Pradesh(30), Mizoram (32) and Meghalaya(46) are better performers in case of IMR.

 

STATEWISE STATISTICE OF UNDER FIVE MORTALITY RATE

 

STATES UNDER 5 MORTALITY RATE
KERELA  13
DELHI 21
TAMILNADU  21
MAHARASTRA 23
PUNJAB 27
WEST BENGAL  30
KARNATAK  31
JAMMU & KASHMIR 35
IMACHAL PRADESH  36
UTTARAKHAND 36
TELENGANA 37
GUJRAT 41
JHARKHAND 44
INDIA 45
CHATTISHGARH 49
RAJASTAN 51
BIHAR 53
UTTAR PRADESH  57
ODHISA 60
MADHYA PRADESH  65
ASAM 66

 

In case of under five mortality rate, another crucial  indicator of health status,  Assam tops the   list of worst performing states in the country with 66 deaths per thousand.

 

UNEVEN INTERSTATE PROGRESS OF UNDER 5 MORTALITTY RATE

Under Universal Immunisation Programme, Government of India is providing vaccination free of cost against 10 vaccine preventable diseases i.e. Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Measles, severe form of Childhood Tuberculosis,  Hepatitis B, Meningitis and Pneumonia caused by Hemophilus Influenza type B., Japanese Encephalitis in JE endemic districts and Rotavirus diarrhoea in selected states.

In case of MMR too, data show Assam as one of the worst performing states in India.

 

UNEVEN INTERSTATE PROGRESS OF

 

( This Data story has been culled from a powerpoint presentation on "Health- A Brainstorming with Media ..Hidden Statistics :- Health, Poverty and the Media”, made by Dr Subhajit Bhattacharjee, SRTL North East, WHO India, at an informal media interaction on the Right to Information (RTI) Act organised by the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI) in colloboration with the Centre for Northeast Studies and Policy Research (C-NES)  in Guwahati on December 5, 2016 )

-  nezine.com Editorial Bureau

 

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