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Date of Publish: 2016-11-17

ASSAM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT, 2014 - 70 % HOUSEHOLDS DO NOT HAVE TOILETS

 

 

Around 70 per cent (69.8) households in Assam do not have a toilet, as revealed by The Assam Human Development Report, 2014. It has also revealed that 31.7 per cent households of the state do not have electricity and 12.9 per cent households do not have drinking water facilities.

The report also reveals that barring Kamrup Metro (19.7)  and  Sibsagar (59.7) in  all the districts of the states at least 60 per cent households do not have toilets. Darrang district has highest number of households without a toilet with 86.4 per cent, followed by Chirang (84.4) Karbi Anglong (83.8) and Dhemaji (82.5).  The HDR, 2014 data has also revealed that  15 districts number of households do not have a toilet in  over 70 per cent households.

 

DISTRICY-WISE HOUSEHOLDS WITHOUT ELECTRICITY, TOILET AND PROVISION FOR DRINKING WATER(%)

 

DISTRICT Household Without Electricity  Household Without Toilet   Household Without Drinking Water 
BAKSA 34.4 72.1 23.2
BARPETA 39.9 67.7 1.2
BONGAIGAON 24.5 75.9 9.3
CACHAR 41.9 76.9 47
CHIRANG 26.4 84.4 0.8
DARRANG 47.2 86.4 0.1
DHEMAJI 44.7 82.5 5.6
DHUBRI 52.8 70.8 2.3
DIBRUGARH 25.7 63.9 0.8
DIMA HASAO 21.6 68.8 43.9
GOALPARA 43.1 71.9 3.1
GOLAGHAT 24.1 74.9 6.6
HAILAKANDI 74.1 79.6 53.9
JORHAT 17.1 60.3 8
KAMRUP 19.5 78.2 6.7
KAMRUP(M) 13.8 19.7 6
KARBI ANGLONG 22.9 83.8 30.7
KARIMGANJ 41.6 75.4 39.1
KOKRAJHAR 44 72.2 14.8
LAKHIMPUR 16 75.6 8.8
MARIGAON 46.8 77.4 0
NAGAON 13.2 67.7 7.6
NALBARI 57.9 71.7 0.6
SIBSAGAR 58.2 59.7 4
SONITPUR 14.2 70 31
TINSUKIA 22.7 63.8 2.6
UDALGURI 0.6 78.1 7.4
Assam  31.7 69.8 12.9

 

 

The HDR, 2014 has revealed that 31.7 per cent households do not have provision of electricity. Hailakandi district number of houses without electricity facility with 74.1 per cent, followed by Sibsagar with 58.2, and Nalbari with 57.9 and Dhubri 52.8. Interestingly Udalguri district, is recorded the highest number of households  with electricity and only 0.6 per cent households does not have electricity at home, according to HDR.

12.9 Per cent households does not have drinking water facilities at home. Hailakandi district has recorded the highest number of households without drinking water facilities with 53.9 per cent.

The HDR 2014 has revealed that drinking water is still a major issue in to address entire Barak valley as all three districts of the valely have higher percentage of households without having drinking water facilities. In Cachar district 47 percent households and in Karimganj 39.1 per cent households do not have drinking water facilities at home.

Drinking water is a major issue in both the hills districts too. In Dima Hasao district 43.9 per cent households and in Karbi Anglong distirct 30.7 per cent households do not have drinking water facilities.


SPATIAL DVERSITY -WISE STATISTICE OF HOUSEHOLDS WITHOUT HAVING ELECTRICITY, TOILETS AND DRINKING WATER

 

Spatial Diversity  Household Without Electricity  Household Without Toilet   Household Without Drinking Water 
Char Blocks 47.1 84.6 3.9
Flood Affected Blocks 31.8 73.1 19.7
Hill Blocks  26.8 88 38.6
Tea gardenBlocks 29.9 74.5 12.5
Border Blocks 37.4 77.2 19.9
Multiple Diversity Blocks 46.4 77.7 5.9
General Blocks 29.7 73.4 11.7

 

In Spatial diversity category – 88 per cent households in Hill blocks and 84.6 per cent households in Char blocks do not have toilets.  47.1 per cent households in Char blocks, and 46.4 in multiple diversity blocks do not have electricity. In hill areas 38.6 per cent households do not have drinking facilities.

 

RELIGION  -WISE STATISTICE OF HOUSEHOLDS WITHOUT HAVING ELECTRICITY, TOILETS AND DRINKING WATER
 

 

Religion  Household Without Electricity  Household Without Toilet   Household Without Drinking Water 
Hindu  24.4 64.8 12.1
Muslim 47.4 80.6 13.9
Christian 39.2 77.4 19
Others 34 76.3 11.5

 

The religion-wise statistics of HDR Assa, 2014 has revealed 80.6 percent Muslims, 77.4 per cent Christian, 76.3 per cent others and 64.8 per cent Hindus do not have toilet facility. again, 46.4 per cent Muslims. 39.2 Christians, 34 per cent others and 24.2 per cent Hindus do not have electricity.  19 per cent Christians 13.9 per cent Muslims , 12.1 per cent Hindus, and 11.5 per cent others do not have driking water facilitiy at homes.

The Assam HDR Survey, 2013 covered 39,998 households covering 187,511 individuals in 27 districts, 97 Blocks, 95 urban centres, 1972 villages of the state.

 

- nezine.com Editorial Bureau

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