ASSAM HDR 2014: Fertility rate dips but early marriage is still a major issue in the state
Assam Human Development Report 2014 has revealed that the fertility rate of women in the state has shown a gradual declined. However, early marriage and teen-age motherhood is still a major issue in the state.
It has also shown that marriage in the age-group 15-19 is very high among the illiterate section and those who have very low level of education.
Total Fertility Rate Assam, SRS 2013
|Place||Illiterate||Total literate||Without formal education||Below Primary||Primary||Middle||Class X||Class XII||Graduate and above|
Quoting SRS data, 2013, the HDR 2014 states that the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) in the state is almost at par with the national level. The TFR for rural areas is 2.4, and for urban areas it is 1.5. The National average of TFR for rural areas is 2.5, while for urban areas it is 1.8.
The Assam HDR Survey, 2013 has revealed that in religious category TFR is highest among the Muslims, followed by Christians and Hindus.
The Survey, the largest ever in the state for development evaluation, has also revealed that in spatial diversity category, TFR is the highest in Char areas, multiple diversity areas, border areas and in flood affected areas.
|Flood affected ares||2|
The Assam HDR Survey, 2013 has also shown that 15.6 per cent of rural women and 7.6 per cent of urban women still get married in the age group of 15-19. In religious category, it is high among the Muslims, followed by the Hindus and the Christians.
In social category, it is the highest among the SCs, followed by OBCs and STs. In spatial diversity category marriage in the age-group of 10-19 is highest in Char areas, followed by multiple diversity areas, border areas and flood-affected areas. Among the illiterate women, the percentage is alarmingly high at 38.5.
|Tea garden areas||11.6|
|Up to Middle||34.4|
|Up to Higher Secondary||33.7|
|Above Higher Secondary||
The Assam HDR Survey, 2013 covered 39,998 households covering 187,511 individuals in 27 districts, 97 Blocks, 95 urban centres, 1972 villages of the state.
nezine.com Editorial Bureau